Names of Jamun in Various Parts of the World
Botanical name of the Jamun fruit tree: Syzygium cumini
Names of Jamun in other languages:: Java plum, Jamun; Urdu: جامن; Hindi: जामुन Jamun; Tamil: நாகை Nagai; Nepali: जामुन Jaamun; Sindhi:Jamu ڄمون; Gujarati: jaambu જાંબુ;
Also called elsewhere Portuguese plum and purple plum. In India and Malaya it is variously known as jaman, jambu, jambul, jambool, jambhool, jamelong, jamelongue, jamblang, jiwat, salam, or koriang. In Thailand, it is wa, or ma-ha; in Laos, va; Cambodia, pring bai or pring das krebey; in Vietnam, voi rung; in the Philippines, duhat, lomboy, lunaboy or other dialectal appelations; in Java, djoowet, or doowet. Local names in Venezuela are guayabo pésjua or pésjua extranjera; in Surinam, koeli, jamoen, or druif; in Brazil, jambuláo, jaláo, jameláo or jambol.
Uses of Jamun
It may be eaten raw or used to produce tarts, sauces, and jams if the Jamun is large and of good quality, with a sweet or subacid flavor and low astringency. Astringent fruits may be improved by soaking them in salt water or pricking them, rubbing them with a little salt, and leaving them for an hour.
Except for the most subpar fruits, all have been utilized to produce juice that is comparable to grape juice. Allow the juice from cooked Jamun to drain without pressing it; this will make the juice less astringent.
The white-fleshed Jamun has enough pectin to produce a very stiff jelly unless cooked rapidly. The more common purple-fleshed type yields vibrantly colored jelly but lacks pectin and must be combined with pectin-rich fruits like unripe or sour guavas.
A good Jamun juice is great for sherbet, sirup, and “squash.” The latter is a bottled beverage made in India by boiling crushed fruits, squeezing the juice, and combining it with sugar and water.
Those who are diabetic and want to consume Jaman should avoid adding sugar to it.
Jamun vinegar is a clear purple color with a pleasing aroma and a moderate taste that is widely produced across India.
Types of Jamun Fruit
Because of differences in its morphology and organoleptic properties, Pakistan has two distinct forms of Jamun fruits: one called “Ras Jaman”, which is round and dark purple or blue in color with pink, sweet fleshy pulp, and little seeds, as well as the smaller, more acidic “Kaatha Jamun”.
Medicinal benefits of Jamun
Due to the abundance of bioactive phytochemicals, particularly anthocyanins and polyphenols, Jamun’s anticancer potential has lately garnered more attention. There is more information available online concerning Jamun’s anti-cancer properties. This website contains one of these study papers.
Jamun fruits are a rich source of iron and are thought to be beneficial for heart and liver ailments. Jamun seeds are a good treatment for diabetes, and their powder is frequently used to manage diabetes in India. Source of info (Dr. I.S. Singh, Professor of Horticulture, Narendra Dev University of Agriculture & Technology) Fruitopedia website.
Diabetics may consume Jamun seed powder. (Source: Jamun: A small, yet powerful fruit; Hindustan Times; Jun 15, 2019, retrieved on 13 June 2022. URL )
Food Value Per 100 g of Edible Portion*
|Crude Fiber||0.3-0.9 g|
|Vitamin A||80 I.U.|
|Ascorbic Acid||5.7-18 mg|
|Folic Acid||3 mcg|
*Values reported from Asian and tropical American analyses.
Also present are gallic acid and tannin and a trace of oxalic acid.
Source and for more info: The Purdue University website has further information and uses for Jamun, including its usage as a diabetic medication. The university’s webpage on Jamun may be found by clicking this link.
Food uses of Jamun
Jamun fruits are not only rich in medicinal characteristics but they may also be used to produce delectable sweets and side dishes. Some food and dessert suggestions are provided below, and more information may be found online.
- Jamun Chia Pudding
- Jamun Fruit Popsicle
- Jamun Fruit Custard
- Jamub Raita
- Jamun Panna
- Jamun Fruit Smoothie
- Jamun Mocktail
- Jamun Fruit Juice
- Jamun Apple Drink
- Jamun Compotes
- Eggless Jamun Semolina Cake
- Jamun Mousses
- Jamun Fruit Cream
- Jamun Pannacottas
- Lemongrass Basil Seeds Pannacotta with Jamun Sauce
- Shake Shake Drink of Ber & Jamun